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Effective ways to deal with wireworms

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The wireworm is the larva of the nutcracker. Small yellow worms most often damage potato tubers, but can also spoil the entire crop of root crops.

Ways to combat wireworm are numerous, but they can be divided into 2 categories.

Scare

To repel it, substances unpleasant for the beetle or masking aromas are used, because of which it will not smell the potato.

The following remedies will help scare off larvae and adult bugs.

Needles

If pine trees grow near the cottage, their needles can serve as good material for masking potato plantings.

The excavated and prepared areas are protected directly during the planting of tubers: a little ash and humus are put in the hole, potatoes are buried.

Fresh branches of pines are laid out on top of the soil. Their smell disguises the potato, and the beetles simply fly away to other places.

Coniferous land

On small ridges (for young potatoes, for example), litter from a pine forest should be introduced into the soil. Partially decayed needles retain odor and essential oils unpleasant for beetles.

The additive is useful for other plants, it loosens dense soil well. Coniferous sawdust can also be used as a flavoring additive.

Materials contribute at least 1 bucket per 1 m² of landings.

Mustard powder

When landing, pour 1 tbsp. l dry mustard. Its smell repels well not only the wireworm, but also the bear, the May chafer and other pests that live in the soil.

Siderata

Rye is considered especially effective against wireworm. Grains are sown in the fall, and in the spring they start to grow early. By the time of planting potatoes on the site will appear a carpet of greenery. Rye seedlings are dug up, and then potatoes are planted using traditional technology. In addition to controlling wireworms, rotting grass will add nitrogenous substances to the ground and fertilize the beds. In addition to rye, it is convenient to use seeds of mustard, phacelia and other siderate crops.

Onion peel

The smell of onions is unpleasant to the wireworm, and the husk easily scares it away. To plant a large number of potatoes, tubers can be soaked before germination or sprinkled with a strong broth of husk, wetting the entire surface well. Processing is especially desirable when using chopped potatoes.

Fluffy

Lime reduces soil acidity and repels pest larvae.

On 1 m², 0.5-0.7 kg of powder of fluff, chalk, dolomite flour or gypsum is used.

Trap bait

Beetles can not only be driven away, but also lured to another place where they are easy to assemble and destroy.

For baits use:

  1. Jars with potato leaves or sprouts. For 1 acre, it’s enough to install 10-12 cans in which the potato sprouts lie. Every 2-3 days, the contents of the traps are thrown into a fire or stove. It is best to set the bait before the shoots appear.
  2. Roots. Cut carrots, beets, raw potatoes, string slices on wire and bury in the area contaminated with wireworms. Mark bait bookmarks. Every 3-4 days, traps dig and clean pieces of vegetables with the worms that live in them.
  3. Sprouted grains. Germinate wheat or barley until small white shoots appear. They need to be placed in a plastic cup or jar of small capacity and dig into the ground along the edge of the neck.
  4. Tops. In the fall, they carry out prophylaxis: they collect potato tops in heaps into which beetles climb. Tops need to be burned a few days after digging up the tubers.

In order for the wireworm to leave the site, it is important to carry out a comprehensive fight against it, and not to leave plant debris in the garden for the winter.

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The best methods for getting rid of wheat grass on the site

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Wheat grass is a powerful weed that inhibits growth and interferes with the development of
garden crops. Spreading over the site, it quickly fills the territory,
taking away moisture and nutrients from vegetable plants.

High yields in such a neighborhood can not be expected, so weed must be controlled.

The mechanical way to combat wheatgrass

This plant is incredibly tenacious, therefore, to get rid of wheat grass, you need to make considerable efforts. An excellent traditional way, although the most time-consuming, can be considered mechanical, when the site is removed from the weed by removing it manually. It is not so easy to remove all the rhizomes, but if you do this work carefully, the next year, the plants on the site, most likely, will not appear.

If you put on a large one, and it is possible to use a tractor or cultivator for plowing, it is worth using it.

During plowing with a walk-behind tractor, some part of the rhizomes is wound on milling cutters. All roots remaining in the ground must be removed. Wheatgrass should be selected from the soil during the formation of beds, since a full-fledged weed often grows from any minor part of the root.

Mulching

The simplest and most effective method is mulching.

However, it is important to implement it correctly. The weedy area is covered with material that does not transmit light. For this purpose, it is allowed to use slate, roofing material, a special covering material of black color or boards. After some time, the wheatgrass begins to turn yellow, after which it dies. Using this method, you can quickly get rid of weed.

Siderata

To displace wheatgrass from the site, it is useful to sow peas, oats or mustard in early spring.

These siderates easily displace weeds. After about 3 weeks, useful plants are mowed and planted in the soil, where they will serve as an excellent fertilizer for vegetable crops.

Special preparations for wheatgrass in the garden

If the owner of the site does not have the time and energy to machine it, lime
means will help special products that destroy harmful weeds and at the same time do not harm useful crops.

But such drugs are recommended to be used in certain phases of plant growth and development, having carefully studied the requirements set forth in the instructions.

For example, carrots must be processed after the formation of cotyledon leaves and before the formation of the root crop. At other times, spraying the culture is undesirable.

Chemicals

Any chemical preparations should be treated with caution, trying to avoid
getting on cultivated plants that could die from such exposure.

The most popular weed control product is Roundup, with which you can effectively kill wheat grass. In places where vegetables have not yet been planted, it is allowed to use such herbicides of universal influence as Antiburyan, Agrokiller, Tornado.

In the garden should use directional drugs.

For example, if you need to remove wheat grass on a strawberry plantation, use the Lontrel herbicide, which acts selectively without affecting strawberry plantings. On the potato field, tomato plots and onion beds with wheatgrass Zenkor or Lapis lazuli perfectly do.

Beetroot and cabbage plantings will clear Hacker from weed.

Frequent use of chemicals is not recommended. Herbicide treatment of the plot is allowed once every 3 years.

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